Decades: 1790s 1800s 1810s 1820s 1830s - 1840s - 1850s 1860s 1870s 1880s 1890s
Years: 1838 1839 1840 1841 1842 - 1843 - 1844 1845 1846 1847 1848
February 6 - The first minstrel show in the United States The Virginia Minstrels opens (Bowery Amphitheatre in New York City).
February 11 - Giuseppe Verdi's opera I Lombardi premieres in Milan
May 22 - The first major wagon train headed for the northwest sets out with one thousand pioneers from Elm Grove, Missouri on the Oregon Trail.
October 13 - In New York City, Henry Jones and 11 others found B'nai B'rith (the oldest Jewish service organization in the world).
December 17 - First publication of Charles Dickens' A Christmas Carol.
Quaternions are discovered by William Rowan Hamilton.
The Economist is first published.
Arts, Sciences, Literature and Philosophy
1843 in literature:
A Christmas Carol - Charles Dickens
January 10 - Frank James, American outlaw (+ 1915)
January 29 - William McKinley, 25th President of the United States (+ 1901
April 4 - William Jackson, photographer
April 25 - Princess Alice of the United Kingdom, second daughter of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert
June 3 - Frederick VIII of Denmark, King
June 15 - Edvard Grieg, composer (+ 1907)
August 1 - Robert Todd Lincoln, American statesman, businessman (+ 1926)
December 11 - Heinrich Hermann Robert Koch, German bacteriologist (+ 1910)
April 17 - Samuel Morey, American inventor
June 6 - Friedrich Hölderlin, German poet, novelist, and dramatist
March 27 - Karl Salomo Zachariae Von Lingenthal, German jurist
William Abbot - english actor
Francis Scott Key, writer of the "Star Spangled Banner"\n