May 28 - William Joyce, known as "Lord Haw-Haw" is captured. He is later charged with high treason in London for his English-language wartime broadcasts on German radio. He is hanged in January of 1946.
July 30 - World War II: The USS Indianapolis is hit and sunk by an I-58 Japanese submarine. Some 900 survivors jump into the sea and are adrift for 4 days. Nearly 600 die before help arrives. Captain Charles Butler MacVey III is later court-martialed.
August 8 - World War II - The Soviet Union declares war on Japan and invades Manchuria with more than 1 million troops. This action prompts Emperor Hirohito to plead with the war council to reconsider surrender.
August 9 - World War II: An atomic bomb nicknamed "Fat Man" is detonated over the city of Nagasaki, Japan at 11:02 AM (local time) with an equivalent force of 22,000 tons of TNT. An estimated 60,000-80,000 are killed and more 60,000 injured. Soviet Union begins its offensive against Japan in Manchuria.