Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s - 1950s - 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s
Years: 1946 1947 1948 1949 1950 - 1951 - 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956
January 4 - Korean War: Chinese and North Korean forces capture Seoul.
January 9 - United Nations headquarters officially opens (New York City).
January 15 - Ilse Koch, The "Witch of Buchenwald", wife of the commandant of the Buchenwald concentration camp, is sentenced to life imprisonment in a court in West Germany .
January 27 - Nuclear testing at the Nevada Test Site begins with a one-kiloton bomb dropped on Frenchman Flats, northwest of Las Vegas, Nevada.
February 12 - Marriage of Muhammad Reza Shah to Soraya Esfandiary Bakhtiari
February 27 - The Twenty-second Amendment to the United States Constitution, limiting Presidents to two terms, is ratified.
March 6 - The trial of Ethel and Julius Rosenberg begins.
March 7 - Korean War: Operation Ripper - In Korea, United Nations troops led by General Matthew Ridgeway begin an assault against the Chinese "volunteers".
March 12 - The Dennis the Menace comic strip appears in newspapers across the U.S. for the first time.
March 14 - Korean War: For the second time, United Nations troops recapture Seoul.
March 29 - Red Scare: Ethel and Julius Rosenberg are convicted of conspiracy to commit espionage. On April 5 they are sentenced to receive the death penalty.
March 30 - Remington Rand delivers the first UNIVAC I computer to the United States Census Bureau.
April 1 - Australia, New Zealand, United States security treaty signed in San Francisco.
April 18 - Treaty of Paris (1951) adopted, establishing European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC); see EU.
June 15 - July 1- In New Mexico, Arizona, California, Oregon, Washington, and British Columbia, thousands of acres of forests were destroyed in fires.
July 5 - William Shockley invents the junction transistor.
July 10 - Korean War: At Kaesong, armistice negotiations begin.
July 14 - In Joplin, Missouri, George Washington Carver National Monument becomes the first United States National Monument in honor of an African American.
July 20 - King Abdullah I of Jordan is assassinated while attending Friday prayers in Jerusalem.
September 1 - The United States, Australia and New Zealand all sign a mutual defense pact, called the ANZUS Treaty (for "Australia, New Zealand, United States").
September 8 - Treaty of San Francisco: In San Francisco, California, 48 nations sign Sign a peace treaty with Japan in formal recognition of the end of the Pacific War.
September 10 - Great Britain begins an economic boycott of Iran
November 10 - Direct-dial coast-to-coast telephone service begins in the United States.
November 24 - The Broadway play Gigi opens staring little known actress Audrey Hepburn playing the lead character (the play ran for six months and lead to Hepburn's film debut in Roman Holiday).
December 24 - Libya becomes independent from Italy
A fourth, and final, forest fire starts in the Tillamook Burn; but unlike earlier fires this one only burns 32,700 acres, and within acreage already affected by the earlier fires.
Year in topic
1951 in film
An American in Paris
The African Queen, starring Humphrey Bogart and Katherine Hepburn
A Streetcar Named Desire
Flying Leathernecks starring John Wayne
1951 in literature
1951 in music
The release of "Rocket 88", a song by Jackie Brenston and his Delta Cats. Some music historians consider this record to be the first rock and roll recording.
1951 in sports
1951 in television
January 3 - Dragnet airs on television for the first time (NBC).
May 28 - The U. S. Supreme Court upholds the FCC's approval of the CBS color television system
June 25 ? CBS presents its first commercial color telecast with Arthur Godfrey, Ed Sullivan, and Faye Emerson.
June - RCA demonstrates its new electronic color system.
August 11 - The first baseball games televised in color, a double-header between the Brooklyn Dodgers and the Boston Braves
September 4 - The first coast-to-coast TV broadcast in the United States, featuring President Truman.
September 22 - The first live sporting event seen coast-to-coast in the United States, a college football game between Duke and the University of Pittsburgh, is televised on NBC.
October 3 - The first live coast-to-coast network telecast of a World Series game in the United States
October 15 - I Love Lucy debuts on CBS.
December 24 - The first televised opera written for television, Amahl and the Night Visitor, airs on NBC.
Ernie Kovacs' Time for Ernie and Ernie in Kovacsland television shows premiere. Kovacs pushes the limits of television technology with his use of camera tricks and special effects.
January 6 - Kim Wilson, rock musician
January 12 - Rush Limbaugh, radio personality
January 30 - Phil Collins, musician
February 6 - Princess Daphné of Belgium
February 15 - Melissa Manchester, singer
February 15 - Jane Seymour, actress
February 20 - Gordon Brown, British politician
March 4 - Kenny Dalglish footballer and football manager
March 4 - Chris Rea, British singer and musician
March 17 - Kurt Russell, actor
March 24 - Tommy Hilfiger, fashion designer
April 6 - Bert Blyleven, baseball pitcher
April 7 - Janis Ian, singer and songwriter
April 11 - Doris McGowen Beck Angleton, Houston, Texas socialite (d. 1997)
April 29 - Dale Earnhardt, stock car racer (NASCAR) (d. 2001)
May 15 - Jonathan Richman, musician
May 23 - Anatoly Karpov, chess world champion
May 26 - Sally Ride, astronaut
May 30 - Stephen Tobolowsky, actor
June 2 - Larry Robinson, Hockey Hall of Fame defenseman
June 14 - Paul Boateng, British politician, first black Cabinet minister
June 17 - Mary McAleese, eighth President of Ireland
July 3 - Richard Hadlee, New Zealand cricketer
July 24 - Chris Smith, British politician, first "out" gay MP
August 20 - Greg Bear, science fiction author
August 24 - Orson Scott Card, science fiction author
October 6 - Manfred Winkelhock, auto racing driver
November 19 - Lord Falconer, British lawyer and politician
January 10 - Sinclair Lewis, writer
February 9 - Eddy Duchin, musician
February 13 - Lloyd C. Douglas, author.
February 18 - Lyman Gilmore, Choctaw Native American airplane pioneer.
February 19 - André Gide, author
March 6 - Ivor Novello, actor, musician, composer
March 25 - Oscar Micheaux, pioneer African-American, filmmaker/author
April 4 - Al Christie, early Hollywood director/producer
April 6 - Robert Broom, paleontologist
April 22 - Horace Donisthorpe, myrmecologist
April 23 - Charles G. Dawes, former U.S. vice-president
May 7 - Warner Baxter, actor
June 13 - Ben Chifley, Australian Prime Minister
July 13 - Arnold Schoenberg, Austrian composer
July 20 - King Abdullah, King of Jordan
July 29 - Hozumi Shigeto, Japanese author
August 14 - William Randolph Hearst, Puplisher and newspaper baron
August 15 - Artur Schnabel, pianist
August 21 - Constant Lambert, composer
November 9 - Sigmund Romberg, composer
Physics - Sir John Douglas Cockcroft, - Ernest Thomas Sinton Walton
Chemistry - Edwin Mattison McMillan, Glenn Theodore Seaborg
Medicine - Max Theiler
Literature - Pär Fabian Lagerkvist
Peace - Léon Jouhaux\n