Centuries: 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC - 1st century BC
- Cato the Elder is elected consul at Rome and campaigns in Spain; he avoids one defeat by paying the Celtiberians 200 talents, a much-criticized tactic.
- The Roman sumptuary law, the Lex Oppia, is repealed despite Cato's strong opposition.
- Native residents of the Roman colony Ferentinum apply for Roman citizenship, but are turned down by the Senate.
- Ahead of Roman envoys demanding his surrender, Hannibal flees Carthage for refuge at Tyre. There he offers his services to Antiochus III, King of the Seleucid Empire, against Rome.