Centuries: 4th century BC - 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC
- Second Punic War: Unable to lift the Roman siege of Capua, Hannibal marches on Rome in hope that they will protect the city. This maneuver fails, and Capua surrenders to Rome.
- Second Punic War: The Romans capture Saguntum.
- Second Punic War: The Carthaginians under Hannibal's brother Hasdrubal defeat the Romans in the Battle of the Upper Baetis, where Publius and Gnaeus Cornelius Scipio die in battle.