Centuries: 4th century BC - 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC
- Second Punic War: Marcus Claudius Marcellus again repulses an attack by Hannibal in the Second Battle of Nola.
- The Roman tribune Gaius Oppius initiates the Lex Oppia, which limits women's rights to own gold, wear elaborate clothing, and ride in fancy carriages. (The law was repealed about 195 BC.)
- Construction begins on the Great Wall of China.