Centuries: 5th century BC - 4th century BC - 3rd century BC
Decades: 380s BC 370s BC 360s BC 350s BC 340s BC - 330s BC - 320s BC 310s BC 300s BC 290s BC 280s BC
338 BC 337 BC 336 BC 335 BC 334 BC - 333 BC - 332 BC 331 BC 330 BC 329 BC 328 BC
- Alexandretta in Syria founded.
- Battle of Issus: Alexander the Great defeats the main Persian army under King Darius III in northern Syria.
- Zeno of Citium, Greek philosopher, father of stoicism
- Memnon, Persian general