Centuries: 1st century BC - 1st century - 2nd century
Decades: 0s BC 0s 10s 20s 30s - 40s - 50s 60s 70s 80s 90s
Years: 36 37 38 39 40 - 41 - 42 43 44 45 46
- January 15 - Claudius succeeds his nephew Caligula as Roman Emperor.
- Claudius makes Agrippa king of Judea.
- Messalina, wife of Claudius, persuaded Claudius to have Seneca the Younger banished to Corsica on a charge of adultery with Julia Livilla.
- Octavia, Claudius' daughter
- Marcus Valerius Martialis (possible birthdate)