Centuries: 7th century BC - 6th century BC - 5th century BC
Events and Trends
- 509 BC - Foundation of the Roman Republic
- 508 BC - Office of pontifex maximus created in Rome
- 507 BC - Cleisthenes, Greek reformer, took power and increased democracy
- 506 BC - Battle of Carchemish, Nabopolassar of Babylon defeats the Egyptians
- 505 BC - First pair of Roman consuls elected
- 502 BC - December 4 Solar eclipse darkens Egypt. (computed, no clear historical record of observation)
- 502 BC - The Latin League defeats the Etruscans under Lars Porsenna at Aricia.
- 501 BC - Cleisthenes reforms the democracy in Athens.
- 501 BC - Naxos is attacked by the Persian Empire.
- 501 BC - In response to threats by the Sabines, Rome creates the office of dictator.
- 501 BC - Confucius is appointed governor of Chung-tu.
- 501 BC - Gadir (present-day Cadiz) is captured by Carthage. (approximate date)