Centuries: 7th century BC - 6th century BC - 5th century BC
Events and Trends
- 589 BC - Apries succeeds Psamtek II as king of Egypt
- 586 BC - Kingdom of Judah comes to an end as Babylonians siege and conquer the land, destroy the Temple of Jerusalem and exile the land's remaining inhabitants.
- 586 BC - Death of Zhou ding wang, King of the Zhou Dynasty of China.
- 585 BC May 28 - A solar eclipse occurred, as predicted by Thales, while Alyattes was battling Cyaxares. This event led to a truce. This is one of the cardinal dates from which other dates can be calculated.
- 585 BC - Zhou jian wang becomes King of the Zhou Dynasty of China.
- 580 BC - Cambyses I becomes King of Anshan and head of the Achaemenid dynasty (approximate date).