Albert Reynolds, Irish politician was the eighth Taoiseach of the Republic of Ireland from 1992 to 1994 and the fifth leader of Fianna Fáil.
|First Term:||February 11 1992 - December 15 1994|
|Date of Birth:||3 November 1932|
|Place of Birth:||Roscommon, Ireland|
|Political Party:||Fianna Fáil|
Albert Reynolds was born on 3 November 1932 in County Roscommon. He was educated in Sligo at Summerhill College. He became involved in dancehall promotion and also founded a pet-food company. He also had business interests in local newspapers and a cinema. He became interested in politics following the 'Arms Trial' of 1970 (which saw Charles Haughey and Neil Blaney acquitted of importing arms into the country illegally). Reynolds was an elected TD for Fianna Fáil in the party's landslide victory in 1977.
He became a Minister under Charles Haughey, serving as Minister for Posts and Telegraphs (now called Communications) and Minister for Transport and Power. In 1987 Haughey became Taoiseach once again and Reynolds became Minister for Industery and Commerce. In 1988 he was promoted to the Minister for Finance. He resigned from the post in November 1991 following a failed attempt to oust Haughey as leader. The following year Haughey resigned as party leader and Albert Reynolds became the fifth leader of Fianna Fáil and Taoiseach.
He presided over two cabinets;
1992, a Fianna Fáil-Progressive Democrats coalition, which collapsed over comments made by Reynolds in the witness stand during the Hamilton Inquiry into the Beef Industry about PD leader and longtime critic of Reynolds, Desmond O'Malley, TD. Fianna Fáil suffered one of its worst ever electoral results in the following general election. They were expected to go into opposition, but ended up to the electorate's surprise back in government, in a coalition arrangement with Labour under Dick Spring.
1992-94: The Fianna Fáil-Labour coalition proved a difficult arrangement. It finally collapsed following Reynolds' decision, in the face of outright Labour opposition, to appoint Attorney-General Harry Whelehan, to become President of the High Court. It was revealed that the Attorney-General's office had mis-handled an attempt to extradite a paedophile Roman Catholic priest, Fr. Brendan Smyth. Reynolds was forced to go before Dáil Éireann and indicate that if he had known 'then' what he "knew now" about the incompetent handling of the case by the AG's office he would not have appointed Whelehan to the judicial post. However it was not enough. Labour resigned from government. Reynolds resigned as party leader and was replaced by his Minister for Finance, Bertie Ahern (Ahern became leader after Máire Geoghegan-Quinn withdrew from the leadership contest). But Ahern's attempts to form a new government failed, with Labour joining with two opposition parties, Fine Gael and Democratic Left, to form a new government.
In office, perhaps Reynolds' biggest achievement was in the Northern Peace Process, where he played a crucial role in securing an IRA ceasefire.
In 1997, Reynolds, at the urgings of Ahern (who was now Taoiseach) agreed to seek the Fianna Fáil nomination for the presidency, which had become vacant following Mary Robinson's resignation. However Reynolds was humiliatingly beaten for the nomination by the Pro-Vice Chancellor of Queens University, Belfast, former Fianna Fáil general election Mary McAleese. McAleese went on to win the 1997 presidential election.
Reynolds retired from Dáil Éireann in the 2002 general election.
|Prime Ministers of Ireland
Taoisigh na hÉireann