The neutrality of this article is disputed.

Anti-Israel movements are movements directed against the Israeli government and sometimes rejecting the Zionist premise of Israel's existence. Such groups vary from the radical left through the extreme right till Islamist exteremist and even terrorist organizations. Some act only at the political level, arranging demonstrations against Israel and call to ban it, while others take violent measures against Israelis and Jews worldwide.

The main types of anti-Israeli groups are:

  • Neo-Nazis/Antisemites: those groups concentrate in the western world, where free speech and free press are reachable as tools to spread anti-Israeli propoganda. Those groups reject the right of Israel to exist by merely denying any rights from the Jews, including the right of self definition in a independent state. Such groups are usually declared illegal in their countries.

  • Anti-Zionists: these groups are usually identified with the radical left and their motto is "we are not against Jews, only against Zionism". These group claim that Zionism is a racist colonialist movement that stealing the land from its rightful owner - the Palestinians. Such group accusing the Zionist movement in colonialism, imperialism, racism and policy of apartheid and even "ethnic cleansing" toward the Palestinians. Although they do not define themselves as anti-semticis, some of them are tend to use antisemite motives in their propoganda. They usually do not take direct violent actions against Israel although some of these groups advocating terrorism against Israel. Such groups are usually take legal steps to promote their cause - such as demonstrations, publishing articles in the press, forming anti-Israeli cells and campuses and calling for banning of Israeli products and even Israeli people. Example of such group is the International Solidarity Movement (the ISM).

  • Neturei Karta: a small fundementalist sect of ultra-orthdox Jews who resist the existance of the secular Israel because it was created by secular Jews and not by the Messiah. There group is outcasted by almost every major stream of Judaism, including ultra-orthodox Jews.

  • Muslim extremists: reject the existance of Israel on the base of the hatred of the Arab world toward Israel. Part of them are joining anti-Zionist groups in order to stage protests against Israel and promoting the banning of Israel in the western and Arab world.
See further discussion in: Arab Israeli conflict.

  • Militantss who believe there is no hope for negotiation with their enemy, whom they perceive to be foreign imperialists. Some of these militants espouse a doctrine of warfare referred to by the UN as "terrorism". As in many such wars, these groups have been targeting civilians, noncombatants, and civilian infrastructure. Almost of the organization who uses direct violence against Israel are Arab Muslim and were declared as terrorist organizations by the USA, the EU and the UN. See further discussion in Palestinian terrorism.

Israeli Response

The Israeli government argues that it is not occupying any territories in violation of any law, and that the militants mentioned above are illegal combatants. Israel further argues that it has attempted negotiations, but that the militants are unwilling to negotiate.

Israel also accuses the Palestinian Authority and Yasser Arafat of not only failing to take firm action against the illegal combatants, but aiding and abetting in the crime of terrorism.

Israel also claims that anti-Zionism is merely an antisemitism in disguise (queoting Martin Luther King) and reasons that such groups only derprive the Jew's right for independent state while other state, mainly Arab dictatorships, gain strong support from such groups. That is, Israel claims, proves that they are racist and discriminantive toward Jews.

See also: Fatah, Hamas, Hezbollah, al-Aqsa Intifada, first Intifada, Israel Defense Forces, Israeli-Palestinian conflict, Kach, Palestinian Authority, Palestine Liberation Organization, Palestinian Islamic Jihad, Palestinian territories, Arafat, Yasser