Averroism was a philosophical trend among scholastics in the late 1200s based on AverroŽs interpretations of Aristotle.
The main ideas of averroism (founded in AverroŽs commentaries to Aristoteles) was:
- that the world was eternal
- the soul was divided in two parts, one individual part and one divine part
- that the individual soul was not eternal and
- that all humans at the basic level shared one and the same divine soul, also known as monopsychism
- the resurrection of the dead is not possible (BoŽthius)
The later philosophical concept of averroism was the idea that the philosophical and religious worlds are separate entities. However, upon scrutinizing the 219 theses condemned by Tempier, it was obvious that not many of them originated in AverroŽs, so for a while other terms were commonly used to refer to the actual philosophical movement started by Sigerus and BoŽthius: Radical Aristotelianism or Heterodox Aristotelianism are other words used for this movement, but nowadays most call it averroism anyway.