Barnsley is a large town and a metropolitan district in South Yorkshire, England. Its population, according to the 2001 census, was 218,100. The Metropolitan Borough of Barnsley covers an area of 32,863 hectares. The Borough itself is split by the M1 motorway: rural to the west, and largely urban/industrial to the west.
The town lies on the River Dearne, approximately twenty kilometres north of Sheffield. The town is famous for coal mining, but all the mines have now closed. Institutions in the town include Barnsley College.
Barnsley is twinned with Schwabisch Gmund in Germany, and Gorlovka in Ukraine. The coat of arms for the town includes a coal miner and a glass-blower.
Settlements in the borough of Barnsley include: