The Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) was created in President Franklin Delano Roosevelt's first month in office (on March 31, 1933). The CCC was an interdepartmental work and relief program that sent young, unemployed men from the cities to work on conservation projects in rural areas at a dollar a day. The Labor Department's role was to recruit participants in the program. To do this, the employment service was hastily beefed up and mobilized. Within a week there was organized within it a National Re-Employment Service to handle recruitment. In a short time there were 250,000 young enrollees working in CCC camps all around the country. One of the most successful and well-received New Deal programs, when the CCC disbanded in 1942 several million young men had participated.