The city of Cleveland is the county seat of Cuyahoga County in the U.S state of Ohio. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 478,403 making it the second-largest city in Ohio. The greater Cleveland area, including all of its suburbs, has a population of about 1.5 million. The city is located in the northeastern corner of Ohio on the Cuyahoga River, approximately 60 miles west of the Pennsylvania border on the southern shore of Lake Erie.
Cleveland's sports teams include the Cleveland Rockers (Women's National Basketball Association), Cleveland Indians (Major League Baseball), Cleveland Browns (National Football League), Cleveland Barons (American Hockey League), and Cleveland Cavaliers (National Basketball Association). The Indians have a minor-league affiliate, the Lake County Captains, that plays in the suburb of Eastlake.
Cleveland is also home to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, which is located downtown close to Lake Erie. The museum's building was designed by I. M. Pei. In the 1970s a number of bands generally described as proto-punk or post-punk were formed in Cleveland, including the Electric Eels, Rocket From the Tombs and Pere Ubu.
The Great Lakes Science Center is located next to the Hall of Fame. Other nearby attractions include the Steamship William G. Mather Maritime Museum, a restored Great Lakes bulk freighter built in 1925, and the USS Cod, a World War II submarine.
Five miles east of downtown Cleveland is University Circle, a 500-acre concentration of cultural, educational, and medical institutions. These include the Cleveland Orchestra, one of the United States major orchestras, and the Cleveland Museum of Art. Some of the other institutions located in University Circle are the Cleveland Museum of Natural History, the Cleveland Botanical Garden, the Cleveland Institute of Art, the Cleveland Institute of Music, University Hospitals of Cleveland, the Western Reserve Historical Society, and Case Western Reserve University. The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, the Cleveland Playhouse and the Health Museum of Cleveland are located nearby.
Cleveland is the corporate headquarters of many large companies such as National City Corporation, Eaton Corporation, Parker Hannifan Corporation, KeyCorp, and Sherwin Williams Company. Two of the city's mayors, Dennis Kucinich, who was mayor from 1977 to 1979, and George Voinovich, who was mayor from 1979 to 1989, became even more powerful and nationally powerful politicans and are both now serving in congress.
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3 Colleges and Universities
4 Two-year colleges
6 Additional Sites of Interest
7 External Links
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 213.5 km² (82.4 mi²). 200.9 km² (77.6 mi²) of it is land and 12.5 km² (4.8 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 5.87% water.
As of the census2 of 2000, there are 478,403 people, 190,638 households, and 111,904 families residing in the city. The population density is 2,380.9/km² (6,166.5/mi²). There are 215,856 housing units at an average density of 1,074.3/km² (2,782.4/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 41.49% White, 50.99% African American, 0.30% Native American, 1.35% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 3.59% from other races, and 2.24% from two or more races. 7.26% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 190,638 households out of which 29.9% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 28.5% are married couples living together, 24.8% have a female householder with no husband present, and 41.3% are non-families. 35.2% of all households are made up of individuals and 11.1% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.44 and the average family size is 3.19.
In the city the population is spread out with 28.5% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 30.4% from 25 to 44, 19.0% from 45 to 64, and 12.5% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 33 years. For every 100 females there are 90.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 85.2 males.
The median income for a household in the city is $25,928, and the median income for a family is $30,286. Males have a median income of $30,610 versus $24,214 for females. The per capita income for the city is $14,291. 26.3% of the population and 22.9% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 37.6% are under the age of 18 and 16.8% are 65 or older.
Colleges and Universities
Additional Sites of Interest