Conspiracy is the act of working in secret to obtain some goal, usually understood with negative connotations. In United States v. Shabani (1994) the US Supreme Court ruled: "...Congress intended to adopt the common law definition of conspiracy, which does not make the doing of any act other than the act of conspiring a condition of liability..." This ruling indicates that conspiracy, without any further action, can be criminal. Note that a "conspiracy", as a legal term in the US, doesn't require more than one person.
- See also: conspiracy theory
EtymologyIt is generally accepted that conspire comes from the Latin roots con, with, and spirare, to breathe - so to conspire literally means 'to breathe together'.