Decipherment is the analysis of documents written in ancient languages, where the language is unknown, or knowledge of the language has been lost.
It is closely related to cryptanalysis - the difference being that the original document was not deliberately written to be difficult to decipher.
Some people have also used the word metaphorically to mean something like 'understanding'.
Examples of document decipherment:
- Cuneiform (script)Cuneiform writing
- Harappan writing
- Egyptian hieroglyphic writing
- Indus script
- Linear A
- Linear B
- Maya writing
- Olmec writing
- the Dresden Codex
- the Phaistos Disk
- the Rosetta Stone
- the Behistun Inscription
- the Voynich Manuscript