The ICAO airport code is a four-letter alphanumeric code designating each airport around the world. These codes are defined by the International Civil Aviation Organization. The ICAO codes are used by Air Traffic Control and airline operations such as flight planning. The IATA codes are used for airline timetables, reservations, and baggage handling. ICAO codes are also used to identify weather stations, whether or not they are located at airports.
Unlike the IATA codes, the ICAO codes have a regional structure, i.e. the first letter is allocated by continent, the second is a country within the continent, the remaining two are used to identify each airport.
A = Antartica & South Pacific
B = Greenland & Iceland
C = Canada
D = Northwest Africa
E = Northern Europe
F = Southern & Central Africa
G = West Africa, Canary Islands
H = East Africa
K = United States
L = Southern Europe
M = Central America & Caribbean
N = South Pacific
O = Middle East
P = Hawaii, Alaska & North Pacific
R = East Asia
S = South America
T = Caribbean
U = Russia and former USSR countries
V = South Asia
W = Southeast Asia
Y = Australia
Z = People's Republic of China
Some country/airport examples:
EBBR: Belgium - Brussels International Airport, Brussels (IATA code BRU)
FAJS: South Africa - Johannesburg International Airport, Johannesburg (IATA code JNB)
KBOS: United States - Logan International Airport, Boston (IATA code BOS)
LIRF: Italy - Leonardo Da Vinci International Airport, Fiumicino, near Rome (IATA code FCO)
OMDB: United Arab Emirates - Dubai International Airport, Dubai
In the United States and Canada, most airports which have been assigned three-letter codes by their respective regulatory agencies use the same code with leading "K" or "C" as their ICAO code; e.g., YYC (Calgary International Airport, Calgary, Alberta) and CYYC, IAD (Dulles International Airport, Chantilly, Virginia) and KIAD. These codes are not to be confused with radio callsigns, even though both countries use four-letter callsigns starting with those letters.
A list of airports, sorted by IATA code, is available.