The late Tokugawa shogunate or last shogun (幕末; Bakumatsu) is the period between 1853 and 1867 during which Japan ended its isolationist foreign policy and modernized from a feudal shogunate to the Meiji government. It is at end of Edo period and preceeded by Meiji era.

Well-known figures in this time include:

(alas, below are not so well-known)
  • Hayashi Daigaku no kami (Lord Rector, Confucianist)
  • Ido Tsushima no kami (Gov. of Yedo, former Gov. of Nagasaki)
  • Izawa Mimasaka no kami (Gov. of Uraga, former Gov of Nagasaki)

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