- Alternate uses: See Lucerne (disambiguation).
) is a city in Central Switzerland
with a population of 64,656 (1980
), capital of the canton of Lucerne
. The city is located on the borders of Lake Lucerne
) with a famous wooden bridge and within sight of Mount Pilatus
and the Rigi.
Wasserturm - the town's landmark
There is apparently no record of the city's founding, but it is mentioned in 840
named "Luciaria", the name originating from a monastery
of St Leodegar founded around 730
. The opening of the St Gotthard Pass route in the 13th century
made Lucerne into an important trading town. Acquired by the Hapsburgs
, it joined the Swiss Confederation
. Lucerne was capital of the Helvetian Republic in 1798
Since the city straddles the Reuss River where it drains the lake, it has a number of bridges. The most famous is the Chapel Bridge (Kapellbrücke), a 204 m (670 ft) long wooden bridge originally built in 1333, although much of it had to be replaced after a 1993 fire. Partway across, the bridge runs by the octagonal Water Tower (Wasserturm), a fortification from the 13th century. The Bridge with its Tower is the city's most famous landmark.
The Swiss Transport Museum is an impressively large and comprehensive museum exhibiting all forms of transportation, including locomotives, automobiles, ships, and aircraft.
The Culture and Convention Center Lucerne besides the lake in the center of the city was built by Jean Nouvel. The center has one of the worlds leading concert halls (Accustic: Russel Johnson). Every year in late summertime the very famous Lucerne Festival (classic music) takes place.