Mole Salamanders
Scientific classification
Family: Ambystomatidae

Mole salamanders (Ambystomatidae) are secretive salamanders which spend most of their adult life underground or under cover.

This family includes:

  • Genus Ambystoma
    • Blunt-Headed Salamander (Ambystoma amblycephalum)
    • Anderson's Salamander (Ambystoma andersoni)
    • Ringed Salamander (Ambystoma annulatum)
    • Streamside Salamander (Ambystoma barbouri)
    • Delicate-Skinned Salamander (Ambystoma bombypellum)
    • California Tiger Salamander (Ambystoma californiense)
    • Flatwoods Salamander (Ambystoma cingulatum)
    • Lake Patzuaro Salamander (Ambystoma dumerilii)
    • Yellow-Headed Salamander (Ambystoma flavipiperatum)
    • Northwestern Salamander (Ambystoma gracile)
    • Granular Salamander (Ambystoma granulosum)
    • Jefferson Salamander (Ambystoma jeffersonianum)
    • Blue-spotted Salamander (Ambystoma laterale)
    • Lake Lerma Salamander (Ambystoma lermaensis)
    • Mabee's Salamander (Ambystoma mabeei)
    • Long-toed Salamander (Ambystoma macrodactylum)
    • Spotted Salamander (Ambystoma maculatum)
    • Axolotl (Ambystoma mexicanum)
    • Marbled Salamander (Ambystoma opacum)
    • Puerto Honda Stream Salamander (Ambystoma ordinarium)
    • Tarahumara Salamander (Ambystoma rosaceum)
    • Mole Salamander (Ambystoma talpoideum)
    • Taylor's Salamander (Ambystoma taylori)
    • Small-mouthed Salamander (Ambystoma texanum)
    • Tiger Salamander (Ambystoma tigrinum)
    • Mexican Tiger Salamander (Ambystoma velasci)
  • Genus '\'Rhyacosiredon''
    • Mountain Stream Salamander (Rhyacosiredon altimirani)
    • Leora's Salamander (Rhyacosiredon leorae)
    • Michoacan Stream Salamander (Rhyacosiredon rivularis)

The genus Rhyacosiredon is sometimes used as an synonym for the Ambystoma, as in the cladistic view of the mole salamanders it makes the genus Ambystoma paraphyletic.

The genera Dicamptodon and Rhyacotriton were formerly included in this family, but are now usually placed into their own families Dicamptodontidae and Rhyacotritonidae.

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