According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 572 km² (221 mi²). 560 km² (216 mi²) of it is land and 12 km² (5 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 2.14% water.
As of the census2 of 2000, there are 186,291 people, 69,819 households, and 47,686 families residing in the county. The population density is 333/km² (861/mi²). There are 76,182 housing units at an average density of 136/km² (352/mi²). The racial makeup of the county is 50.42% White, 43.74% Black or African American, 0.38% Native American, 1.54% Asian, 0.14% Pacific Islander, 1.90% from other races, and 1.87% from two or more races. 4.49% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 69,819 households out of which 34.60% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.70% are married couples living together, 19.60% have a female householder with no husband present, and 31.70% are non-families. 26.70% of all households are made up of individuals and 9.40% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.54 and the average family size is 3.08.
In the county the population is spread out with 26.80% under the age of 18, 11.90% from 18 to 24, 29.80% from 25 to 44, 19.70% from 45 to 64, and 11.70% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 33 years. For every 100 females there are 94.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 91.60 males.
The median income for a household in the county is $34,798, and the median income for a family is $41,244. Males have a median income of $30,238 versus $24,336 for females. The per capita income for the county is $18,262. 15.70% of the population and 12.80% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 22.00% are under the age of 18 and 12.10% are 65 or older.