New London, Connecticut is a town/small city at the mouth of the Thames (pronounced Thames) River on the southeastern shore of the state. It is located in the New London County, Connecticut. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 25,671. New London hosts Connecticut College and the United States Coast Guard Academy, as well as the small private secondary school The Williams School.
New London lies across the river from the town of Groton, Connecticut, home of a United States Navy submarine base and of Electric Boat, aka "EB", builder of nuclear-powered submarines. As world research headquarters of the pharmaceutical giant Pfizer, New London and Groton have therefore given birth to Viagra, among other drugs.
New London lies on Interstate 95, roughly half-way between New Haven, Connecticut and Providence, Rhode Island. Ferries also transport cars and people between New London and Orient Point, at the northeastern tip of Long Island, as well as Fishers Island, a small island lying closest to New London but belonging to New York State.
New London was the birthplace of sculptor Edward Clark Potter.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 27.9 km² (10.8 mi²). 14.3 km² (5.5 mi²) of it is land and 13.5 km² (5.2 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 48.61% water.
As of the census of 2000, there are 25,671 people, 10,181 households, and 5,385 families residing in the city. The population density is 1,789.1/km² (4,635.5/mi²). There are 11,560 housing units at an average density of 805.7 persons/km² (2,087.4 persons/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 63.49% White, 18.64% African American, 0.88% Native American, 2.12% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 9.13% from other races, and 5.67% from two or more races. 19.71% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 10,181 households out of which 27.6% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 30.4% are married couples living together, 17.8% have a woman whose husband does not live with her, and 47.1% are non-families. 37.8% of all households are made up of individuals and 10.7% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.26 and the average family size is 3.00.
In the city the population is spread out with 22.8% under the age of 18, 17.6% from 18 to 24, 29.6% from 25 to 44, 17.9% from 45 to 64, and 12.1% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 31 years. For every 100 females there are 95.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 93.8 males.
The median income for a household in the city is $33,809, and the median income for a family is $38,942. Males have a median income of $31,405 versus $25,426 for females. The per capita income for the city is $18,437. 15.8% of the population and 13.4% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 23.5% are under the age of 18 and 11.4% are 65 or older.