Pathanamthitta is one of the fourteen districts of Kerala state. It was formed on Nov 1, 1982 with headquarters at Pathanamtihtta town.
Pathanamthitta is a land-locked district situated in the southern part of the state, and is bordered by Kottayam and Idukki districts in the north, Alappuzha in the west and Kollam in the south. Major towns in the district are Pathanmthitta, Tiruvalla, Adoor, Ranni, Konni, Mallappally and Kozhencherry. More than 50% of the geographical area is covered by forests.
The district's name is a combination of the words pathanam and thitta which together mean houses by the riverside.
Pathanamthitta is a pre-dominantly agricultural district with cultivation done in coconut, rubber, paddy, pepper and tea. The hilly terrain coupled with high humidity make it suitable to raise rubber and tea plantations.
Hydro-electric power plants situated in the district cater to one-third of the state's electricity demands. Three important rivers Achankovil, Manimala and Pampa flow through the district. Pampa that originates from Sabarimala is considered a holy river.
Pathanamthitta holds the distinction of being declared the first polio-free district in India.
Places of Tourist interest