Provence is a former province and is now a region of southeastern France, located on the Mediterranean Sea adjacent to France's border with Italy. It is noted for its cuisine, some of its wines, and its perfumes.
Provençal is the adjective used to describe things originating from this region, as well as being the name of the local Romance language. Provençal is a dialect of Occitan, and is not mutually intelligible with either Parisian French or standard Italian. Instead, it is part of the Romance languages' dialect continuum that stretches from Italy to Portugal.
See also: Herbes de Provence, Counts of Provence