QwaQwa was a Bantustan, or homeland, in the eastern part of South Africa. It encompassed a very small region of 655 km² in the east of the former South African province of Orange Free State, bordering Lesotho. Its capital was Phuthaditjhaba. It was the homeland of more than 180,000 Sesotho speaking Basotho people.

QwaQwa means whiter than white in the San language, referring to the many sandstone hills of the Drakensbergen mountains in which the area is situated. In Afrikaans it was known as Witsieshoek, after the name of a farm.

Originally two tribes lived in the region, the Bakoena and the Batlokoa. In 1969 they were united and the area was named KwaKwa. In the same year the name was changed to QwaQwa.

On November 1, 1974 QwaQwa was granted "self government". On April 27, 1994 it was reunited with South Africa, together with the nine other homelands.

Other homelands: