Richard Montgomery (December 2, 1738-December 31, 1775) was an Irish-American soldier.
He fought in the British Army in the Seven Years' War). His service was in Canada and the Caribbean. He reached the rank of captain in May 1762. In 1763, when peace was concluded, he went to New York, and in 1765 returned to England.
In England he associated with liberal members of Parliament who supported the colonists in their demands for more freedom.
On July 24, 1773, he married Janet Livingston, daughter of Robert R. Livingston, a prominent New Yorker who was on the committee that drafted the Declaration of Independence. He then moved to his wife's farm near Rhinebeck, which was to be his home for the few remaining years of his life. In 1775, although having resided in New York only three years, he was elected to the provincial legislature.
He served as the second-ranking brigadier general in the American Revolutionary War, led the army into Canada where he captured two forts and the city of Montreal, and died while attempting to capture the city of Quebec. Shortly afterward, the State of Maryland, when creating a new county, named it Montgomery County in his honor. Subsequently, many other states have also chosen to honor Richard Montgomery by naming counties for him (see below).
Altogether, the following were named for Richard Montgomery:
- Montgomery County, Arkansas
- Montgomery County, Georgia
- Montgomery County, Illinois
- Montgomery County, Indiana
- Montgomery County, Iowa
- Montgomery County, Kansas
- Montgomery County, Kentucky
- Montgomery County, Maryland
- Montgomery County, Mississippi (there is some question as to whether this one was named for Richard Montgomery. There are two origins given in sources.)
- Montgomery County, Missouri
- Montgomery County, New York
- Montgomery County, North Carolina
- Montgomery County, Ohio
- Montgomery County, Pennsylvania (there is some question as to whether this one was named for Richard Montgomery. It seems to be the case, but it is uncertain.)
- Montgomery County, Virginia
- High Schools: