Roman (population: 69,483) is a city in Moldavia, Romania, located 46 Km East of Piatra Neamt, in the Neamt county at the confluence of Siret and Moldova rivers.

It is thought that the name was taken from the voivod Roman I Musat, believed to be its founder. The earliest apearence of the name can be found in the Novgorod Chronicle of 1392.