In 1988, when the Soviet empire showed signs of cracking and all-pervasive sovietisation came to an end, begins the bloodless Singing Revolution which makes history. The singing mass demonstrations collected 300.000 Estonians (about one third of the population) in Tallinn to sing national songs played by rock musicians. On August 23 1988 about two million people from Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania stood on the Vilnius-Tallinn road, holding hands. The unprecedented living chain measured nearly 600 km in length. In 1991 the Estonian parliament proclaimed the restitution of the independent State of Estonia.