The South Manchuria Railway Company was founded by Japan in 1906, after the Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905), and operated in Japanese-occupied Manchuria. From 1906 or 1910 until 1925, the company also operated the Korean railway system.
This company developed soy beans and mineral resources and brought to Japan by its railway. It also built hotels, schools, libraries, etc for Japanese immigrants. It closed by order of GHQ, and was occupied by the Soviet army in 1945.