|Pop. density:||163 inh./km²|
Surin (Thai สุรินทร์) is one of the north-eastern provinces (changwat) of Thailand. Neighboring provinces are (from west clockwise) Buriram, Maha Sarakham, Roi Et and Sisaket. To the south it borders Cambodia.
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5 Administrative divisions
6 External links
In the north of the province is the valley of the Mun river, a tributary of the Mekong. To the south of the province is the Dongrek mountain chain, which also forms the boundary to Cambodia.
Even though the area of Surin was an important part of the Khmer empire in the 12th century, only the temple ruins from that time remain. The city was probably abandoned. In 1763 a village was moved to be present position of the city Surin, and was then upgraded to a city with the name Mueang Prathai Saman. Luang Surin Phakdi, previously the leader of the village, became the first governor. In 1786 it was renamed in honor of this first governor to tis current name, Surin.
The provincial seal shows a temple in the Khmer architectorial design, as well as an elephant head. Both Khmer temples as well as elephants are commonly found in the province.
Provincial tree as well as provincial flower is the Common Tembusu (Fagraea fragrans).