In mathematical finance, the

**Greeks**are the quantities representing the market sensitivities of options or other derivatives, with each measuring a different aspect of the risk in an option position, and corresponding to the set of parameters on which the value of an instrument or portfolio of financial instruments is dependent. The name is used because most of the parameters are denoted by Greek letters.

- The delta, , of an instrument is the derivative of the value function with respect to the underlying price, ; delta measures sensitivity to price.
- The gamma, is the second derivative of the value function with respect to the underlying, ; gamma measures second order sensitivity to price.
- The vega, which is not a Greek letter, is the derivative of the option value with respect to the volatility of the underlying, ; vega measures sensitivity to implied volatility.
- The theta, is the derivative of the option value with respect to the amount of time to expiry of the option, ; theta measures sensitivity to the passage of time (see Option time value).
- The rho, is the derivative of the option value with respect to the risk free rate, ; rho measures sensitivity to the applicable interest rate.
- Less commonly used:
- The lambda, is the percentage change in option value per change in the underlying price, or .

## External links

**Greeks for specific option models**

- options on non-dividend paying stocks, riskglossary.com
- options on stock indexes, riskglossary.com
- options on forwards (the Black model), riskglossary.com
- foreign exchange options, riskglossary.com

**Discussion**

- The Greeks: riskglossary.com or optiontutor
- Delta: quantnotes.com or riskglossary.com
- Gamma: quantnotes.com or riskglossary.com
- Vega: riskglossary.com
- Theta: quantnotes.com or riskglossary.com
- Rho: riskglossary.com