Serbia, and in particular the valley of Morava is often described as "the crossroad between the East and the West", which is one of primary reasons for its turbulent history. The valley is by far the easiest way of land travel from continental Europe to Greece and Asia Minor.
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5 Ports and harbors
total: 4,059 km
standard gauge: (1435 mm) 4,059 km (1,364 km electrified) (2002)
narrow gauge: Some narrow gauge railways are being reinstated for touristic purposes
European routes E65, E70, E75 and E80, as well as E662, E761, E762, E763, E771 and E851 are passing through the country. E70 western from Belgrade and most of E75 is modern highway or at least semihighway.
total: 48,603 km
paved: 28,822 km (including 560 km of expressways)
note: In the 1999 Kosovo conflict, many road and rail bridges were destroyed; since the end of the conflict in June 1999, there has been an intensive program to either rebuild bridges or build by-pass routes. Most of the most important bridges are now operational.
unpaved: 19,781 km
total: 587 km
note: the Danube River, central Europe's connection to the Black Sea, runs through Serbia; since Kosovo conflict bridges destroyed in Novi Sad have obstructed river traffic. Now, the bridges are removed and the pontoon bridge that replaces a destroyed conventional bridge can be opened for large ships but has slowed river traffic. The bridge could also be bypassed by a canal system, but the inadequate lock size limits the size of vessels which may pass.
Crude oil 415 km; petroleum products 130 km; natural gas 2,110 km
Ports and harbors
At Danube: Belgrade, Novi Sad, Pancevo, Zelenika(?)
At Adriatic Sea: Bar, Kotor, Tivat
Airports - with paved runways
over 3,047 m: 2
2,438 to 3,047 m: 5
914 to 1,523 m: 2
under 914 m: 4 (2002)
1,524 to 2,437 m: 6
Airports - with unpaved runways
1,524 to 2,437 m: 2
914 to 1,523 m: 12
under 914 m: 12 (2002)
total: 4 (2002)