About 10 km south of Kigoma, Ujiji is the oldes town in western Tanzania. Ujiji was a "slave trade" town settled by arabic peoples.
Ujiji is a place where Burton and Speke first reached the shore of Lake Tanganyika in 1858, and the place where Dr. Livingstone met Stanley in 1871. A monument known as "Dr. Livingstone Memorial" has been constructed to commemorate the meeting. There is a slave route near the market.