Suffrage Parade, New York City, 1912.
The movement for Women's suffrage, led by suffragists and suffragettes, was a social, economic and political reform movement aimed at extending equal suffrage, the right to vote to women, according to the one-man-one-vote principle.
In 1869 the territory of Wyoming became the first modern place where equal suffrage was extended to women. The earliest countries extending that right were New Zealand in 1893, Australia in 1902, and Finland in 1906.
|Table of contents|
2 Countries without women's suffrage
3 Suffragists and suffragettes
4 See also
5 External links
Women's suffrage has been granted (and been revoked) at various times in various countries throughout the world. In many countries women's suffrage was granted before universal suffrage, so women (and men) from certain races were still unable to vote.
The table below lists years when women's suffrage was enacted in various places. In many cases the first voting took place in a subsequent year.
- Widows granted right to vote in Canada
- New Zealand (although not to stand for election)
- India (same year as men)
- The Universal Declaration of Human Rights adopted by the UN includes Article 21: The will of the people shall be the basis of the authority of government; this will shall be expressed in periodic and genuine elections which shall be by universal and equal suffrage and shall be held by secret vote or by equivalent free voting procedures.
- Portugal (restrictions lifted)
- Bahrain (same as men)
Countries without women's suffrageSome countries do not extend suffrage to women, or extend it differently than they do to men (this list does not include countries where neither men nor women have suffrage):
- Bhutan -- One vote per familiy in village-level elections
- Kuwait -- No female suffrage.
- Lebanon -- Proof of education required for women, not required for men. Voting compulsory for men, optional for women.
- Vatican City -- Voting restricted to all-male College of Cardinals.
- Oman -- limited to 175,000 people chosen by the government, mostly male