Decades: 1820s 1830s 1840s 1850s 1860s - 1870s - 1880s 1890s 1900s 1910s 1920s
Years: 1869 1870 1871 1872 1873 - 1874 - 1875 1876 1877 1878 1879
January 1 - New York City annexes The Bronx
January 23 - Marriage of the Duke of Edinburgh, second son of Queen Victoria, to Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna of Russia, only daughter of Emperor Alexander III of Russia.
February 23 - Walter Winfield patents a game called "sphairistike" which is more commonly called lawn tennis.
March 18 - Hawaii signs a treaty with the United States granting exclusive trading rights.
May 20 - Levi Strauss and Jacob Davis receive a US patent for blue jeans with copper rivets
July 1 - the first public zoo in the U.S. opens, at Philadelphia.
July 24 - Mathew Evans and Henry Woodward patent the first incandescent lamp with an electric light bulb.
November 7 - A cartoon by Thomas Nast in Harper's Weekly, is considered the first important use of an elephant as a symbol for the United States Republican Party .
November 25 - The United States Greenback Party is established as a political party made primarily of farmers financially hurt by the Panic of 1873.
Home Rule Movement created to protest British Government control over Ireland. (see History of Ireland)
First Impressionist exhibition, Paris; name coined in hostile review of Claude Monet's Impression, Sunrise
Opening of the Agra canal in India.
January 1 - Gustav Albin Weißkopf , later known as Gustave Albin Whitehead, German-American aviation pioneer.
January 16 - Robert William Service, poet (+ 1958)
January 21 - Frederick Madison Smith, American religious leader and author.
January 25 - William Somerset Maugham, (+ 1965)
January 29 - John D. Rockefeller Jr, entrepreneur
February 1 - Hugo von Hofmannsthal, lyricist, dramatist, narrator, and essayist (+ 1929)
February 3 - Gertrude Stein, writer and patron of the arts (+ 1946)
February 9 - Amy Lowell, poet (+ 1925)
February 11 - Elsa Beskow (Maartman), Swedish children's book/fairy tales author.
February 11 - Fritz Bennicke Hart, composer.
February 17 - Thomas J. Watson, computer pioneer, first president of IBM
February 21 - The Oakland Daily Tribune publishes its first newspaper.
February 24 - Honus Wagner, Baseball Hall of Fame inductee
March 20 - Börries von Münchhausen, poet (+ 1945)
March 24 - Harry Houdini, magician
March 26 - Robert Frost, poet (+ 1963)
March 29 - Lou Hoover, First Lady of the United States (+ 1944)
April 25 - Guglielmo Marconi, Italian inventor, "the father of radio", recipient of the Nobel Prize in physics 1909 (+ 1937)
May 29 - Gilbert Keith Chesterton, author.
June 11 - Lyman Gilmore, Choctaw Native American airplane pioneer.
June 16 - Arthur Meighen, the ninth Prime Minister of Canada.
July 14 - Abbas II, a khedive of Egypt.
September 13 - Arnold Schoenberg, Austrian composer
September 21 - Gustav Holst, English composer
October 20 - Charles Ives, musician, composer
October 26 - Martin Lowry, English physical chemist.
October 30 - Bin Ueda, Japanese writer.
November 30 - Lucy Maude Montgomery, Canadian author
December 13 - Josef Lhévinne, pianist (+ 1944)
December 15 - Shoken Kamitsukasa, Japanese writer
December 22 - Franz Schmidt, composer
February 8 - David Friedrich Strauss, German theologian
March 8 - Millard Fillmore, 13th President of the United States 1850-1853
Constantin von Tischendorf, Bibilical scholar