Decades: 1840s 1850s 1860s 1870s 1880s - 1890s - 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s
Years: 1894 1895 1896 1897 1898 - 1899 - 1900 1901 1902 1903 1904
January 1 - End of Spanish rule in Cuba.
January 1 - Queens and Staten Island merge with New York City
January 3 - The first known use of the word "automobile", in an editorial in the New York Times
January 17 - United States takes possession of Wake Island
January 19 - Anglo-Egyptian Sudan is formed
January 21 - Opel Motors opens for business
January 22 - Leaders of six Australian colonies meet in Melbourne to discuss confederation
February 2 - The Australian Premiers' Conference held in Melbourne agrees Australia's capital (Canberra) should be located between Sydney and Melbourne.
February 4 - Philippine-American War
February 6 - Spanish-American War: A peace treaty between the United States and Spain is ratified by the United States Senate.
February 14 - Voting machines are approved by the United States Congress for use in federal elections.
March 2 - In Washington, Mount Rainier National Park is established.
March 6 - Bayer registers aspirin as a trademark.
March 20 - At Sing Sing, Martha M. Place becomes the first woman executed in an electric chair.
October 11 - Boer War begins: In South Africa, a war between the United Kingdom and the Boers of the Transvaal and Orange Free State erupts.
David Hilbert creates the modern concept of geometry with the publication of his book Grundlagen der geometrie.
Gordon Douglas is ordained as a Buddhist monk in Myanmar. He is the first westerner to be ordained in the Theravada tradition.
Art, Culture & Fashion
1899 in literature
1899 in music
1899 in sports
January 7 - Francis Poulenc, composer
January 10 - Axel Eggelbrecht, journalist (+ 1991)
January 11 - Eva LeGallienne, actress (+ 1991)
January 12 - Paul Hermann Müller, chemist, winner of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1948 (+ 1965)
January 15 - Goodman Ace, actor, comedian, writer (+ 1982)
January 17 - Al Capone, gangster, nicknamed "Scarface" (+ 1947)
January 17 - Nevil Shute, author (+ 1960)
February 6 - Ramon Novarro, actor (+ 1968)
February 15 - Georges Auric, composer, member of Les Six
February 23 - Erich Kästner, lyricist and narrator (+ 1974)
February 23 - Elisabeth Langgässer, lyricist, narrator and novelist (+ 1950)
February 27 - Charles Best, medical scientist (+ 1978)
March 11 - King Frederick IX of Denmark )+ 1972)
April 22 - Vladimir Nabokov, (writer)
April 29 - Duke Ellington
May 10 - Fred Astaire, singer, dancer, actor (+ 1987)
May 10 - Dimitri Tiomkin, composer (+ 1979)
May 12 - Indra Devi, yogi (+ 2002)
July 5 - Marcel Achard, play and scriptwriter
July 11 - E. B. White, (writer)
July 15 - Sean Lemass, Taoiseach of the Republic of Ireland (+1971)
August 13 - Alfred Hitchcock, (film director)
August 24 - Jorge Luis Borges, Argentinian writer
September 9 - Brassaï, photographer
November 17 - Douglas Shearer, pioneer motion-picture sound engineer (+ 1971)
December 2 - John Barbirolli, conductor (+ 1970)
December 18 - Peter Wessel Zapffe
December 25 - Humphrey Bogart (actor)
February 25 - Paul Julius Reuter, founder of the Reuters News Agency
June 3 - Johann Strauss II, composer
August 16 - Robert Wilhelm Bunsen, chemist
July 21 - Robert G. Ingersoll, American political leader and orator, atheist, American Civil War Colonel