Decades: 1860s 1870s 1880s 1890s 1900s - 1910s - 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s
Years: 1911 1912 1913 1914 1915 - 1916 - 1917 1918 1919 1920 1921
January 8 - Allied forces withdraw from Gallipoli
January 17 - The Professional Golfers Association (PGA) is formed
January 24 - In Brushaber v. Union Pacific Railroad the Supreme Court of the United States declares the federal income tax void
January 28 - Louis D. Brandeis becomes the first Jew appointed to the Supreme Court of the United States.
January 29 - World War I: Paris is bombed by German zeppelins for the first time.
February 3 - Parliament buildings in Ottawa, Canada are burned down.
February 11 - Emma Goldman is arrested for lecturing on birth control.
February 11 - Baltimore Symphony Orchestra presents its 1st concert
February 21 - World War I: In France the Battle of Verdun begins
March 6 - Sydney conservatorium of music in Australia accepts first students
March 9 - Pancho Villa leads 1,500 Mexican raiders in an attack against Columbus, New Mexico, killing 17.
March 15 - President Woodrow Wilson sends 12,000 United States troops over the Mexican border to pursue Pancho Villa.
March 19 - First United States air combat mission in history as eight American planes take off in pursuit of Pancho Villa
April 24 - April 30 - Easter Rising in Ireland
May 20 - The Saturday Evening Post publishes its first cover with a Norman Rockwell painting ("Boy with Baby Carriage").
May 31 - June 1 - Battle of Jutland
July 1 - November 18: More than 1 million soldiers die during The Battle of the Somme including 60,000 soldiers from the British Commonwealth on the first day. The United States is still unwilling to join in the war with Britain, Canada, Australia and the other commonwealth countries.
July 15 - In Seattle, Washington, William Boeing incorporates Pacific Aero Products (later renamed Boeing).
July 16 - Hellenic Holocaust: The entire Greek population of Sinope and the coastal region of the county of Kastanome has been exiled or killed.
July 22 - In San Francisco, California, a bomb explodes on Market Street during a Preparedness Day parade killing 10 injuring 40.
December 31 - The Hampton Terrace Hotel in North Augusta, South Carolina, one of the largest and most luxurious hotels in the nation at the time, burns to the ground.
November 7 - Jeannette Rankin of Montana becomes the first woman elected to the United States House of Representatives.
November 18 - World War I: First Battle of the Somme ends - In France, British Expeditionary Force commander Douglas Haig calls off the battle which started on July 1, 1916.
November 30 - Hellenic Holocaust: According to the Austrian consul: "on 26 November Rafet Bey (Turkish Minister of the Interior) told me: "we must finish off the Greeks as we did with the Armenians … on 28 November.""
December 23 - World War I: Battle of Magdhaba - In the Sinai desert, Australian and New Zealand mounted troops capture the Turkish garrison.
Woman's International Bowling Congress established in America.
Summer Olympic Games in Berlin, Germany, are cancelled.
Cours de linguistique générale by Ferdinand de Saussure published
November - Woodrow Wilson defeats Charles E. Hughes in the U.S. presidential election
Federal charter granted to the Boy Scouts of America
Robert Baden-Powell founds Wolf Scouts in Britain, changed to Cub Scouts in the USA.
Food rationed in Germany
World War I (1914-1918)
Armenian Genocide (1915-1918)
Hellenic Holocaust (1914-1922)
Year in topic
1916 in film
1916 in literature
1916 in music
1916 in science
1916 in sports
1916 in Canada
Jack Agazarian, SOE agent and hero of WW II (d. 1945)
January 3 - Betty Furness, actress, consumer activist (d. 1994)
January 12 - Pieter Willem Botha, President of South Africa
February 11 - Bernice Levin Neugarten, social scientist/gerontologist (d. 2001)
February 11 - Joseph Alioto, Mayor of San Francisco (d. 1998)
February 14 - Masaki Kobayashi, director
February 26 - Jackie Gleason, comedian (d. 1987)
February 29 - Dinah Shore, singer (d. 1994)
March 4 - Hans Eysenck, psychologist (d. 1997)
March 11 - Harold Wilson, British prime minister (d. 1995)
March 13 - John Aspinwall Roosevelt, businessman, philanthropist (d. 1981)
March 14 - Horton Foote, writer
March 15 - Harry James, musician, band leader (d. 1983)
March 19 - Irving Wallace, novelist (d. 1990)
April 3 - Herb Caen, newspaper columnist (d. 1997)
April 5 - Gregory Peck, actor (d. 2003)
April 12 - Beverly Cleary, author
April 15 - Helene Hanff, author (d. 1997)
April 22 - Yehudi Menuhin, violinist (d. 1999)
May 8 - João Havelange, industrialist and FIFA president 1974-1998
May 10 - Milton Babbitt, composer
May 21 - Harold Robbins, novelist (d. 1997)
May 26 - Henriette Roosenburg, journalist (d. 1972)
June 8 - Francis Crick, scientist, Nobel laureate
June 23 - Hermann Gmeiner, pedagogue (d. 1986)
June 23 - Irene Worth, actress (d. 2002)
July 11 - Gough Whitlam, Prime Minister of Australia, 1972-1975
July 14 - Natalia Ginzburg, author (d. 1991)
July 22 - Marcel Cerdan, World Champion Boxer (d. 1949)
July 31 - Bill Todman, game show producer (d. 1979)
September 13 - Roald Dahl, author (d. 1990)
October 30 - Leon Day, baseballer (d. 1995)
November 10 - Louis le Brocquy, leading Irish painter
November 24 - Forrest J. Ackerman, writer
November 28 - Mary Lilian Baels, Princess of Rethy, Belgium (d. 2002)
December 9 - Kirk Douglas, American actor
December 19 - Elisabeth Noelle-Neumann, publicist
Lee Hutton - English Cricketer
February 6 - Rubén Darío, writer
February 12 - Richard Dedekind, mathematician
February 28 - Henry James, writer
May 11 - Max Reger, composer
June 6 - Yuan Shikai, Chinese military officials and politician
June 29 - Georges Lacombe, French artist
July 6 - Odilon Redon, painter
July 23 - Sir William Ramsay, chemist and Nobel prize winner
May 13 - Sholom Aleichem, author
October 7 - James Whitcomb Riley, poet
November 22 - Jack London, author
December 5 - Her Royal Highness Princess Augusta of Cambridge - the last grandchild of George III
December 29/December 30 - Grigori Rasputin, Russian monk & mystic
Physics - not awarded
Chemistry - not awarded
Medicine - not awarded
Literature - Carl Gustaf Verner von Heidenstam
Peace - not awarded