Bookbinding is the process of compiling a book from a number of mere papers. There are various techniques in use today.
Books bought today tend to be of one of these four categories:
- Cardboard article
- Sewn book
When talking about book binding as a craft, it is almost exclusively hardbound books that are done. When rebinding a sewn book, one usually turns it into a hardbound book by adding hard covers.
Books can be bound in lots of different materials. Some of the more common materials for covers are leather and cloth (see also: buckram). A common way to bind a book is as a halfbound book, which means that the spine and the corners of the cover are covered with leather or cloth, while the rest is covered with paper (normally marbled or otherwise decorated).