Fairfield Township is a township located in Essex County, New Jersey. As of the 2000 census, the township had a total population of 7,063.


\nAccording to the
United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 27.1 km² (10.4 mi²). 27.1 km² (10.4 mi²) of it is land and none of it is covered by water.


\nAs of the
census of 2000, there are 7,063 people, 2,296 households, and 1,981 families residing in the township. The population density is 261.0/km² (675.8/mi²). There are 2,326 housing units at an average density of 85.9/km² (222.5/mi²). The racial makeup of the township is 95.63% White, 0.52% African American, 0.10% Native American, 2.82% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 0.40% from other races, and 0.54% from two or more races. 3.45% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race. There are 2,296 households out of which 33.4% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 74.7% are married couples living together, 8.3% have a female householder with no husband present, and 13.7% are non-families. 10.9% of all households are made up of individuals and 6.0% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 3.04 and the average family size is 3.29. In the township the population is spread out with 22.0% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 27.8% from 25 to 44, 28.1% from 45 to 64, and 15.1% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 41 years. For every 100 females there are 95.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 93.3 males. The median income for a household in the township is $83,120, and the median income for a family is $90,998. Males have a median income of $56,106 versus $39,032 for females. The per capita income for the township is $32,099. 2.8% of the population and 2.3% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 4.2% are under the age of 18 and 2.2% are 65 or older.