New Hampshire
(In Detail) (Full size)
State nickname: The Granite State

Other U.S. States
Capital Concord
Largest City Manchester
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water
 - % water
Ranked 46th
24,239 km2
23,249 km2
814 km2
3.4 %
 - Total (2000)
 - Density
Ranked 41st
Admittance into Union
 - Order
 - Date

June 21, 1788
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
42°40'N to 45°18'N
70°37'W to 72°37'W
110 km
305 km
1,917 meters
305 meters
0 meters
ISO 3166-2:US-NH

New Hampshire is a New England state in the United States (U.S. postal abbreviation NH). It was named after the English county of Hampshire. New Hampshire is called the "Granite State" because it has numerous granite quarries, although that industry has declined greatly in recent decades. The nickname has also come to reflect the state's attachment to tradition and its history of frugal government. There are no general sales or individual income taxes, which fits with the state motto of "Live free or die".

New Hampshire is best known as the state with the first primary in the presidential election, the spot with the worst recorded weather at an inhabited location (the Mount Washington weather observatory in the Presidential Range), colorful fall foliage. In 2003 it gained international attention for having the first openly gay bishop, Gene Robinson, within the Anglican Communion (the Episcopal Church in the USA).

New Hampshire's recreational attractions include skiing in the White Mountains, the Lakes Region, and the New Hampshire International Speedway (formerly the Loudon Racetrack), the home of the Loudon Classic, the longest-running motorcycle race in the United States.

USS New Hampshire was named in honor of this state.

Table of contents
1 History
2 Law and Government
3 Geography
4 Economy
5 Demographics
6 Important Cities and Towns
7 Education
8 Miscellaneous Information
9 External Links


New Hampshire was first settled in 1623, just three years after the Pilgrims landed in Massachusetts and it was one of the thirteen colonies that revolted against British rule in the American Revolution.

Law and Government

The New Hampshire state capital is Concord, which has also been known over time by the names Rumford and Penacook. The governor of New Hampshire is Craig Benson (Republican) and its two U.S. senators are Judd Gregg (Republican) and John E. Sununu (Republican), whose father John H. Sununu was governor of the state from 1983-1988. List of New Hampshire Governors.

Its strong libertarian heritage has attracted the Free State Project to New Hampshire.


See: List of New Hampshire counties

New Hampshire is part of the New England region. It is bounded by Quebec to the north, Maine and the Atlantic Ocean to the east, Massachusetts to the south, and Vermont to the west. New Hampshire's major regions are the White Mountains region, the Lakes area, the Seacoast region, the Merrimack Valley area, the Monadnock region, and the Dartmouth-Lake Sunapee area.

Major rivers include the 116-mile Merrimack River, which bisects the state north-south and ends up in Massachusetts. Its major tributaries include the Souhegan River. The 410-mile Connecticut River, which flows south to Connecticut, forms the western border of New Hampshire. Oddly, the state border is not in the center of that river, as is usually the case, but lies at the low-water mark on the Vermont side, so New Hampshire actually owns the whole river. The Piscataqua River and its several tributaries form the state's only significant ocean port where they flow into the Atlantic at Portsmouth.

The largest lake is Lake Winnipesaukee, which covers 72 square miles in the central part of New Hampshire.

New Hampshire has the shortest ocean coastline of any state, just 18 miles. About 10 miles offshore are the Isles of Shoals, nine small islands best known as the site of a 19th-century art colony founded by poet Celia Thaxter.


New Hampshire's 1999 total state gross product was $44 billion, placing it 39th in the nation. Its 2000 Per Capita Personal Income was $33,332, 6th in the nation. Its agricultural outputs are dairy products, nursery stock, cattle, apples, and eggs. Its industrial outputs are machinery, electric equipment, rubber and plastic products, and tourism.


The population of the state in 2000 is 1,235,786.

Important Cities and Towns

Manchester, the largest city in the state, has a main street (Elm Street) which is a dead-end at both ends.


Colleges and Universities

  • Antioch New England
  • Colby-Sawyer College
  • College for Lifelong Learning
  • Daniel Webster College
  • Dartmouth College
  • Franklin Pierce College
  • Franklin Pierce Law Center
  • Keene State College
  • New England College
  • New Hampshire College
  • Notre Dame College
  • Plymouth State College
  • Rivier College
  • Saint Anselm College
  • The Thomas More College of Liberal Arts
  • University of New Hampshire
  • University of New Hampshire at Manchester

Miscellaneous Information

  • New Hampshire was the last of the New England states to observe Fast Day, a day of prayer for a bountiful harvest. Traditionallly observed on the 4th Thursday in April, from 1949 was observed as a legal holiday on the 4th Monday in April until 1991when it was replaced by Civil Rights Day. [1]
  • In 1999 New Hampshire changed the name of Civil Rights Day to Martin Luther King Day. [1]
  • New Hampshire is the only state that does not mandate public kindergarten, partly out of frugality and partly out of belief in local control, a philosophy under which towns and cities, not the state, make as many decisions as possible. As of 2003, all but about two dozen communities in the state provided public kindergarten with local property-tax money.
  • New Hampshire is host to the New Hampshire Highland Games, formerly the Scottish Games. New Hampshire has also registered an official Tartan with the proper authorities in Scotland; this tartan is used to make kilts worn by the State Police while they serve during the games.
  • New Hampshire has the only piece of Interstate highway that is two-lane (i.e. a single northbound lane and a single southbound lane) with a cobblestone median. This was done to preserve Franconia Notch, the site of the Old Man of the Mountain, a rock formation visible from Interstate 93 in Franconia. The formation was the symbol of the state until it fell apart, due to natural erosion, on May 3, 2003.
  • The New Hampshire state quarter features the Old Man on the Mountain on the reverse, which makes it the only US coin with a profile on both sides.

Daily newspapers

  • Portsmouth Herald
  • Keene Sentinel
  • Conway Daily Sun
  • Eagle Times of Claremont

External Links