Off-loom bead weaving is a family of beadwork techniques in which beads (typically seed beads) are woven together into a fabric. Bead weaving on a loom is different enough that it is specifically excluded. All off-loom techniques can be accomplished using a single needle and thread (no warp threads), but some have two-needle variations.

Off-loom bead weaving encompasses a number of techniques, including

  • gourd stitch or peyote stitch
  • brick stitch
  • square stitch
  • right-angle weave
  • triangle weave
  • bead netting
  • African helix
  • Dutch spiral
The techniques produce fabrics with distinct textures and other properties, and thus are suitable for different kinds of articles.


  • Carol Wilcox Wells, Creative Bead Weaving. Lark Books, 1996. ISBN 1-887374-05-1