1191 - Third Crusade: Battle of Arsuf - Richard I of England defeats Saladin at Arsuf.
1776 - World's first submarine attack. American submersible craft Turtle attempts to attach a time bomb to the hull of British Admiral Richard Howe's flagship Eagle in New York Harbor.
1812 - Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Borodino - Napoleon defeats the Russian army of Alexander I near the village of Borodino.
1822 - Brazil declares its independence from Portugal.
1864 - American Civil War: Atlanta, Georgia is evacuated on orders of Union General William Tecumseh Sherman.
1876 - In Northfield, Minnesota, Jesse James and the James-Younger Gang attempt to rob the town's bank but are surrounded by an angry mob and are nearly wiped out.
1901 - The Boxer Rebellion in China officially ends with the signing of the Peking Protocol.
1911 - French poet Guillaume Apollinaire is arrested and put in jail on suspicion of stealing the "Mona Lisa" from the Louvre museum.
1921 - In Atlantic City, New Jersey, the first Miss America Pageant is held.
1940 - World War II: The Blitz - Nazi Germany begins to rain bombs on London. This will be the first of 57 consecutive nights of bombing.
1950 - The gameshow Truth or Consequences debuts on television.
1953 - Nikita Khrushchev becomes head of the Soviet Central Committee.
1963 - The Pro Football Hall of Fame opens in Canton, Ohio with 17 charter members.
1965 - Vietnam War: In a follow-up to August's Operation Starlight, United States Marines and South Vietnamese forces initiate Operation Pirahna on the Batangan Peninsula, 23 miles south of the Chu Lai Marine base.
1966 - The final new episode of The Dick Van Dyke Show airs (the first episode aired on October 3, 1961).
1971 - The last new episode of The Beverly Hillbillies is aired (the first episode debuted on September 26, 1962).
1977 - Treaties between Panama and the United States on the status of the Panama Canal are signed. The US agrees to transfer control of the canal to Panama at the end of the 20th century.
1979 - The Entertainment and Sports Programming Network (ESPN) makes its debut.
1979 - The Chrysler Corporation asks the United States government for $1 billion dollars to avoid bankruptcy.
1986 - Desmond Tutu becomes the first black to lead the Anglican Church in South Africa.
1996 - In Las Vegas, Nevada, actor and recording artist Tupac Shakur is shot several times after attending a boxing match.
1997 - The first test flight of the F/A-22 Raptor takes place.
1533 - Queen Elizabeth I of England († 1603)
1701 - Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon, naturalist († 1788)
1829 - Friedrich August Kekulé von Stradonitz, organic chemist († 1896)
1860 - Grandma Moses (Anna Mary Robertson Moses), painter († 1961)
1866 - Tristan Bernard, writer († 1947)
1867 - J. P. Morgan, financier († 1943)
1885 - Elinor Wylie, writer
1900 - Taylor Caldwell, author († 1985)
1908 - Dr. Michael DeBakey, heart surgeon
1908 - Paul Brown, National Football League coach († 1991)
1909 - Elia Kazan, director
1912 - David Packard, automotive engineer
1913 - Sir Anthony Quayle, actor
1923 - Peter Lawford, actor, member of the Kennedy family († 1984)
1929 - Sonny Rollins, jazz saxophonist
1930 - King Baudouin I of Belgium († 1993)
1936 - Buddy Holly, singer († 1959)
1937 - John Phillip Law, actor
1938 - Susan Stamberg, National Public Radio commentator
1939 - Donnie Allison, NASCAR driver
1946 - Francisco Varela, biologist
1949 - Lee McGeorge Durrell author, television presenter, zookeeper
1949 - Gloria Gaynor, singer
1951 - Chrissie Hynde, guitarist, singer
1952 - Susan Blakely, actress
1954 - Benmont Tench, keyboardist
1954 - Corbin Bernsen, actor
1956 - Michael Feinstein, musician, composer
1962 - Thomas L. Beard, musician, composer
1968 - Marcel Desailly, French footballerer
1976 - Shannon Elizabeth, actress
1976 - Stevie Case (Killcreek), video game celebrity
1548 - Catherine Parr, widow of Henry VIII of England
1559 - Robert Estienne, early printer of the Bible
1892 - John Greenleaf Whitter, poet
1951 - Maria Montez, actress
1954 - Glenn 'Pop' Warner, American football coach
1962 - Isak Dinesen (Karen Blixen), author
1971 - Spring Byington, actress
1976 - Daniel F. Galouye, science fiction author
1978 - Keith Moon, musician
1969 - Everett Dirksen, former Senator from Illinois
1982 - Ken Boyer, baseball star
1991 - Edwin Mattison McMillan, physicist
1994 - James Clavell, author
1997 - Mobutu Sese Seko, dictator of Zaire
2001 - Spede Pasanen, Finnish television star
2003 - Warren Zevon, American musician-songwriter
September 6 - September 8 - August 7 - October 7 - more historical anniversaries
See Also:' January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December