Stress management encompasses techniques intended to equip a person with effective coping mechanisms for dealing with psychological stress.
Definition of stress: Stress management defines stress precisely as a person's physiological response to an external stimulus that triggers the "fight-or-flight" reaction. ( Also see General adaptation syndrome)
Causes of stress: Many things can trigger the stress reaction, including danger, threat, news, illness, as well as significant changes in one's life such as the death of a loved one.
Techniques of stress management include:
- self-understanding (e.g. self-identification as a Type A or as a Type B personality)
- self-management (e.g. becoming better-organized)
- conflict resolution
- positive attitude
- becoming more organized and reducing the generation of clutter
- setting priorities can help reduce anxiety
- using a "to do" list of tasks that a person needs to complete can give a person a sense of control and accomplishment