A taxi stand (also called taxi rank, cab stand, or hack stand) is a queue area on a street or on private property where taxicabs line up to wait for passengers.
Stands are usually located at high-traffic locations such as airports, hotel driveways, railway stations, subway stations, bus depots, ferry terminals, shopping centres, and major street intersections.
Stands generally work as a first-in, first-out queue, so that the first taxi to arrive on the stand (the one at the front of the line) serves the first passenger to arrive, and as the first taxi leaves, each taxi behind it moves ahead one spot, with the last taxi to arrive taking the last spot.
Some major stands are divided into separate queues. For example, at the Nagoya railway station in Japan, small- and large-capacity taxis line up separately; while at Hongqiao Airport in Shanghai, short- and long-distance taxis use separate queues.
Alternatively, to allow competition, passengers can choose a taxi.