In 1939 the Dutch government erected a refugeecamp in the province Drenthe. The camp is located in Hooghalen, ten kilometer North of the village Westerbork. In Kamp Westerbork german Jews were housed that tried to escape the nazi terror in their homestead. During World War II the Nazis used the available facilities and turned it into a deportation camp for Jews, Gypsies and people of the Resistance.
Every tuesday a cargo train used to leave to go East to the concentration camps in Nazi Germany. In the period from 1942 till 1945 a total of 107,000 people passed through the camp. Only 5,000 of them survived.
In 1969 the Westerbork Synthesis Radio Telescope (WSRT) was installed on the same site, between the villages of Westerbork and Hooghalen. On the site there is now a museum and several memorials to those transported during the 2nd World War.