Centuries: 15th century - 16th century - 17th century
- Michel de Montaigne publishes first Essay.
- September 26 - Sir Francis Drake circumnavigated the globe
- 1580-1764 First session if Jewish Waad (Sejm of 4 countries) in Lublin, Poland. 70 delegates of Jewish local kahals met to discuss issue of taxations and other important for Jewish communities issues.
- April 18 - baptise of Thomas Middleton - English Elizabethan playwright
- Willebrord van Roijen Snell , Dutch mathematician.
- Frans Hals - Dutch painter, mainly of portraits.